Gait analysis is a procedure done to determine the running style of a runner. There are three types of running styles. These are over pronators, neutral and under pronators.
Gait analysis is done by specialist companies or offered inside running shoe shops. A salesperson typically videotapes customers running on a treadmill to figure out what type of stride they have.
Over pronators tend to land on the very outer edge of the heel. It is estimated 70% of runners over pronate.
Thought to be the perfect running style. The body weight is well balanced from the heel to the front foot.
This ones are rare.
Runners are advised to get their running gait analyzed to determine their running style. Once you know your running style you can know the best type of running shoe to buy or alternatively you can buy special shoe inserts (known as orthotics and prescribed by a podiatrist) to rebalance your running stride.
Using the correct running shoe greatly reduces your chances of contracting an injury.
It is estimated the impact of hitting the surface while running on a road is 2-3 times your body weight. This impact is one reason why running does so much damage to runners knees, ankles and foot. One way of minimizing the impact is wearing marathon shoe inserts.
How Marathon Shoe Inserts Helps
When you run, your foot flexes and absorbs the shock on the body hitting a hard surface.Wearing shoe inserts while you are running can properly cradle your foot and its arches and give the much needed support to the ball of the foot. The ball of the foot is where the “spring” in your step occurs and eases your steps into a fast and smooth pace. The balance a good arch support shoe insert offers can make running fun and easy.
Where to Buy Marathon Shoe Inserts
Marathon shoe inserts can be purchased from your local running shoe store or you may order them over the internet.
The Normal Medium Arch foot type is the most common type of foot among runners. If you take a wet test the following images describe a Normal Medium Arch foot.
From the side a normal arch type foot should look like this image below.
Shoe type for Normal Arch Foot
According to Zappos website (No 1 shoe sellers) A runner with this type of foot should wear a stability shoe. These shoes have some medial support and good midsole cushioning. Because normal or medium arches are the most common foot type, most runners will need Stability shoes